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What conditions are not suitable for breastfeeding?

It is well known that breast milk is rich in nutrients, proteins, fats, minerals and vitamins, and contains many antibodies and anti-infection factors that can be easily digested and absorbed by babies, strengthening their resistance and making it the ideal food choice.

1. Physical factors of the mother.

1. Breastfeeding increases the risk of infection in babies when the mother is infected with a disease.

1) Tuberculosis

Breastfeeding should be avoided in cases of active tuberculosis or a positive bacterial test. Breastfeeding can be done after ensuring no infectiousness. Anti-tuberculin therapy is usually recommended after 2 weeks.

2) All types of hepatitis.

Breastfeeding is not recommended during acute hepatitis infection. However, for healthy carriers with only hepatitis B or positive hepatitis B surface antigen, mothers can breastfeed normally. Infants can be immunised with hepatitis B immunoglobulin and hepatitis B vaccine within 6 hours of birth, and active and passive immunisation of the newborn.

3) HIV infection.

Breast milk is one of the routes of HIV transmission and breastfeeding should be avoided.

4) Human T-lymphotropic virus infection.

Breastfeeding should be avoided when positive for human T-lymphotropic virus type I or I.

5) Chickenpox virus infection.

Mothers should be isolated from their infants and should not breastfeed them if they are in labour from 5 days before to 2 days after delivery. Take care not to come into contact with varicella lesions. Express breast milk and then bottle feed.

6) Herpes virus infection.

If herpes occurs in the breast, breastfeeding should be avoided. If herpes lesions occur in other locations, bottle feeding can be done by pumping with a breast pump, but do not touch the lesions while pumping.

2. Breastfeeding can be hazardous to the health of the mother and baby if the mother has a serious illness.

1) Heart disease

Breastfeeding can affect the mother’s rest. For mothers with heart failure, breastfeeding is not recommended and may increase the risk of heart failure.

2) Kidney disease.

Breastfeeding is not recommended for mothers with renal insufficiency as it can increase organ burden and damage.

3) Severe chronic illness requiring long-term medication.

This condition includes epilepsy, tumours, hyperthyroidism, etc. The medication can affect the baby through the milk and breastfeeding is not recommended. Special care should be taken to stop breastfeeding when undergoing radioisotope screening and treatment.

2. Physical factors in infants.

1. The infant has a metabolic disease.

1) Galactosemia.

Galactosemia is a congenital defect in the enzyme galactose-phosphate uridyltransferase. It is caused by abnormal galactose metabolism in infants who have consumed lactose-containing breast milk. Excessive accumulation of galactose-1-phosphate galactitol in the blood can cause damage to the infant’s nervous system and liver and kidney system. Severe vomiting, diarrhoea, jaundice and liver and spleen enlargement may occur after ingestion. For infants with confirmed galactosemia, breastfeeding of lactose-free formula should be stopped pku diet.

2) Phenylketonuria.

Infants with phenylketonuria are born with a deficiency of phenylalanine hydroxylase. Breastfeeding causes phenylalanine and phenylketone to accumulate in the body, damaging the infant’s central nervous system. Watch the level of phenylalanine in the blood. It is recommended to avoid breastfeeding special formulae that do not contain phenylalanine.

3) Maple diabetes.

A maple diabetes is a branching keto acid dehydrogenase defect that causes ? A clear leucine. It is a disorder of isoleucine metabolism, leading to a build-up of ketoacids in the blood and urine, which can easily cause brain damage. These babies often have difficulty feeding. Vomiting. Hypoglycaemia. Convulsions and neurological symptoms. For these children, it is recommended that they be breastfed in small amounts, given amino acid formulas, and have their blood amino acid levels checked and their diet adjusted.

Two common special conditions.

1. Can you breastfeed with mastitis?

When mastitis is abscessed, can breastfeeding continue in combination with medication safety. Measure the location of the abscess wound and the mother’s concern about the discharge of pus from the affected side of the breast. When there is no abscess and the temperature is below 38.5°C, breastfeeding can be safely combined with regular sucking to help unblock the breast and restore the body temperature.

2. Do I have to stop breastfeeding for breast milk jaundice?

Breastfeeding jaundice requires an assessment of the baby’s condition. If the baby is in good spirits, eats, sleeps, pulls well in all areas and weighs normally, you can continue to breastfeed; if the baby is growing slowly, breastfeeding should be suspended and breastfeeding resumed after the jaundice has dropped.

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What is the bad habit that leads to a big face?

1. Likes to eat hard food.

We often like to eat hard food, chewing too long or eating too hard will cause our jaw muscles to develop, so the panel will naturally grow for a long time, and the upper and lower teeth will be bitten, and the jaw muscles will become larger and bulging. Contract, this is the masseter muscle. The larger the masseter muscle, the wider and rounder the overall face shape will be. So when we eat harder things, don’t try too hard, and don’t chew gum every day, these habits can cause the face to become round and larger瘦面方法.

2. Drink too much water before going to bed.

If you drink too much water the night before before going to bed, your face will definitely be swollen when you wake up the next day. This is because the metabolism of the human body after sleep is very slow, and water is not easily metabolized. So if you are very thirsty before going to bed, it is best to use a small glass of warm water and drink it slowly, not too much.

3. It is heavy to eat.

Many people especially like to eat salty food. If we eat too salty, we will have too much sodium in our body, which will cause most of the water in the blood to be absorbed, leaving more of the water trapped in the fluids of other tissues in the body, causing edema. To avoid this, the usual diet should be bland. This is not only good for your health, but also for your skin. You can also choose potassium-rich foods like spinach, bananas, and peanuts. These ingredients help the body flush out excess sodium ions瘦面方法.

4. Severe lack of sleep.

Lack of sleep can also lead to larger faces, mainly because when we don’t get enough sleep, we secrete a regulating hormone called sebitol. This substance quickly breaks down collagen in the skin, which can sag and wrinkle over time.

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